Question: For those of us who take the biblical account of creation literally, how do we answer those who say that there is no evidence for a universe that is only thousands of years old as opposed to billions of years old? And how do we answer the criticism that the order of events in the Creation account contradicts the scientific evidence?
This two-pronged question will be answered as a Part 1 & 2.
Actually, responding to the claim that there is no evidence for a young universe is not difficult. There is an abundance of evidence available, yet just one piece of factual evidence for a recent creation settles the question!
So here are evidences for a young universe taken from two separate scientific disciplines: astronomy and biology.
Astronomic Evidence: Comet 67P
According to current theory, all the material in the universe, including stars, planets moons and comets, comes from the same source of matter that emerged from the Big Bang over 4 billion years ago. In 2014, the comet identified as Comet 67P was approached by the European Space Agency’s space probe “Rosetta.” Much to the surprise of the scientific community, the probe began picking up several unexpected emissions from the comet that are more in keeping with a universe only thousands of years old.[i]
The Rosetta probe detected a plume of water vapor being ejected from the comet at the rate of 6,000 gallons a day! A comet formed billions of years ago would have exhausted its escaping water long, long ago. A comet formed only thousands of years ago fits the evidence presented by Comet 67P. Not only so, but the comet’s water contains a much higher ratio of the chemical Deuterium than the water found on earth, revealing that the earth and the comet do not share the same source.
This is strong evidence for a young universe. God has revealed how the heavenly bodies came into existence on the fourth day of creation (Gen. 1:14-19), and how minutely He keeps track of His creation:
Gen. 1:16 God made two great lights—the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars.
Ps. 147:4 He determines the number of the stars and calls them each by name.
Biological Evidence: Sea Turtles and the Nautilus
According to current theory, sea turtles evolved from fresh water and land-based turtles around 230 million years ago. Similarly, the small, beautifully colored—and nearly extinct—deep sea Nautilus shellfish is considered by modern biologists to be the evolutionary descendant of massive, tentacled shellfish that supposedly existed 500 million years ago.
Yet, despite this confidence in an evolutionary process requiring millions of years, there is no evidence of an evolutionary process taking place from land-based to sea-based turtles. Likewise, it is admitted by secular scientists that no evolutionary change has taken place in the Nautilus shellfish for the last 500 million years.[ii] In fact, sea turtle fossils from the Cambrian Period (542 – 488 m.y.a.) look just like their modern day counterparts!
This is the evidence biblical creationists would expect to find—not evolutionary metamorphosis over millions of years but each sea and land animal producing after its own kind (Gen. 1:21).